Healthy teeth and gums are important throughout your life. If gums and teeth are not properly maintained, gum disease such as Gingivitis and Periodontitis can occur.
There are two main stages of gum disease:
Gingivitis is early gum disease and occurs when dental plaque builds up on teeth, particularly where the gum joins the tooth. The signs of gingivitis are bleeding, redness and swelling of the gum.
Periodontitis is an advanced gum disease that may occur if gingivitis is not treated. The gum margin, – the part of the gum that seals to the tooth, – is weakened and spaces form between the tooth and the gum. These spaces are called ‘periodontal pockets.’ Bacteria and their products become trapped in these pockets causing further inflammation (redness and swelling).
The structures affected by periodontitis include the covering of the tooth root (cementum), the bone and the fibers that connect the cementum to the bone (periodontal ligament). As the disease progresses and bone is lost, larger spaces begin to form between the tooth and the gum. Signs of periodontitis include bleeding, swelling and receding gums together with bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth and loose teeth.
Gingivitis is a condition where plaque forms on your teeth and around the gum line. As a result, bacteria may develop and your gums become inflamed. This condition is painful and can also lead to more serious problems such as Periodontitis if it is not treated quickly. With regular dental care, the Dental on Park team can help you prevent the onset of gum diseases, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. At each regular thorough examination visit we will check your gums to ensure optimal health.
At Dental on Park, we are very luck to have a Hygienist, who has a variety of tools, products and techniques, to clean your teeth and help you clean your teeth more efficiently if needed.