The beginning stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis, which occurs when plaque build up begins to inflame the gums causing them to redden, swell and easily bleed.

Typically there is little to no discomfort during this stage. Because of this, gingivitis is generally  not detected at home and is detected during your regular dentist visits.

If diagnosed and treated, gingivitis is completely reversible. If left untreated, it leads to periodontal disease – this is where the plaque starts to develop below the gum line and the bacteria in the plaque produce toxins, which results in further inflammation of the gums. If left untreated overtime the heightened inflammatory response will ultimately deteriorate the  tooth supporting jaw bones, eventually leading to tooth loss. Once periodontitis sets in, treatment is crucial to manage the inflammation and reduce damage.

Periodontal disease is a lifelong condition that cane maintained with regular professional cleans and meticulous home care.

Periodontal Disease Treatment Classically Involves:

  • achieving the best possible home care
  • professional cleaning of the teeth above and below the gum line (into the pockets) to remove the plaque and hard deposits (calculus / tartar), and
  • regular reviews
  • trying to remove risk factors such as smoking.

Periodontal disease causes permanent damage to the supporting tissues; the aim of treatment is to stop the progression of the disease through controlling the bacteria. This is an ongoing, lifelong activity.

Diabetics commonly suffer from Periodontal disease but so does the rest of the population with figures being quoted at 30-50%. There is also a link between Periodontal disease and coronary heart disease.

The best way to judge whether your periodontal disease is stable is to see if the gums are healthy or weather they bleed. Bleeding gums are an indication that the gums are not healthy and that acid producing bacteria are present.

The best tools to use to control gum disease at home are with piksters and a waterpik. Other products that can be helpful are a chlorhexidine mouth rinse and gel. remember to use the piksters both from the inside as well as the outside and the waterpik is ideal if you are having trouble doing this. The chlorhexidiene mouth rinse and gel should only be used for 10-14 day period. Please follow the instructions as on the products for best results. If these products don’t help in controlling the gum bleeding then a professional clean is essential to get the periodontal disease back in control.

Call us on 0733698300 or book an appointment online.